Minnesota Gun Laws
Subject/LawLong gunsHandgunsRelevant StatutesNotes
State permit required to purchase?NoYes§624.7131Permit to purchase required to transfer/purchase long guns with a pistol grip and handguns through FFL dealers. A permit to carry also acts as a permit to purchase for Minnesota residents. Traditional rifles and shotguns may be purchased without a permit.
Firearm registration?NoNo
Assault weapon law?NoNo§624.7131Persons 18 and older may purchase assault weapons with a permit to purchase (or permit to carry for persons 21 and older).
Magazine Capacity Restriction?NoNo
Owner license required?NoNo
Permit required for concealed carry?N/AYes§624.714Shall Issue. Minnesota Permit to Carry a Pistol required to carry handguns. Concealment is permitted but not required.
Permit required for open carry?YesYes§624.7181Whoever carries a BB gun, rifle, or shotgun on or about the person in a public place is guilty of a gross misdemeanor. A person under the age of 21 who carries a semiautomatic military-style assault weapon on or about their person in public place is guilty of a felony. However, you may carry a pistol or a long gun openly with permit to carry a pistol because, the law states that the prohibition on carrying does not include the carrying of a BB gun, rifle, or shotgun by a person who has a permit under section 624.714.
State Preemption of local restrictions?YesYes§471.633Municipalities may regulate the discharge of firearms within their borders.Some counties have adopted Second Amendment sanctuary resolutions.[81]
NFA weapons restricted?YesYes§609.67Machine guns and short-barreled shotguns, unless designated Curios & Relics, are prohibited in most cases. Some destructive devices are prohibited in most cases. Sound suppressors and short barreled rifles are legal.
Peaceable Journey laws?YesYes§97B.045 §624.714, Subd. 9Any legally possessed gun may be transported in a motor vehicle, provided it is unloaded and cased.
Background checks required for private sales?NoNo

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