Michigan Gun Laws
Subject/LawLong GunsHandgunsRelevant StatutesNotes
State permit required to purchase?NoNot from FFLPermit required for purchase from an individual if purchaser does not have a CPL or an FFL and the transaction is not processed through an FFL dealer.
Firearm registration?NoYesSome handgun sales are required to be registered to local law enforcement. There are several exceptions, including, but not limited to, police and US citizens holding a concealed pistol license from another state.[77]
Owner license required?NoNo
License required for concealed carry?N/AYesMCL 28.452bMichigan is a “shall issue” state for concealed carry.
License required for open carry?NoNoOpen carry is generally permitted.[78] Carry in a vehicle requires a license.[79]
State preemption of local restrictions?YesYesMCL 123.1102City or Charter Township may restrict the discharge of firearms (see MCL 123.1104).Some counties have adopted Second Amendment sanctuary resolutions.[80]
Assault weapon law?NoNo
Magazine capacity restriction?NoNo
NFA weapons restricted?NoNoShort barreled shotguns, short barreled rifles, automatic weapons, AOW’s, and silencers/suppressors are allowed if in compliance with federal law.
Background checks required for private sales?NoYesMCL 28.422aA person acquiring a handgun must have either a handgun purchase license or a license to carry a concealed handgun. A background check is required to obtain either of these licenses.


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