Maryland Gun Laws
Subject/LawLong GunsHandgunsRelevant StatutesNotes
State permit required to purchase?NoYesMd Public Safety Article Section 5-117.1[73]A Handgun Qualification License is required, unless exempted (Active Duty/Retired Military with identification cards, Active/Retired Law Enforcement with department credentials, Federal Firearms Licensees); training is required, unless exempted; fingerprints are required; background checks are required; does not invalidate the requirement to perform a comprehensive background check for every handgun purchase transaction.[73]
Firearm registration?NoYesThe state police maintain a permanent record of all handgun transfers. Automatic weapons must be registered with the state police.
Owner license required?NoNo
Permit required for concealed carry?N/AYesMaryland is a “may issue” state for concealed carry. Applicants must demonstrate a “good and substantial reason” to carry a handgun. Permits are normally very difficult (but not impossible) for ordinary citizens to obtain. An applicant may be issued either an unrestricted permit or a permit with varying degrees of restrictions at the discretion of the issuing authority.
Permit required for open carry?NoYesOpen carry is permitted with a carry license, but is not generally practiced except by uniformed private security officers. Long guns and antique handguns may be carried openly without a license.
State preemption of local restrictions?YesYesMaryland has state preemption for most but not all firearm laws.
Assault weapon law?YesYesMd Criminal Law Article Section 4-303
Firearms Safety Act of 2013
Certain models of firearms are banned as assault pistols and assault long guns. It is illegal to possess an assault weapon or a copycat weapon with two or more specified features (folding stock, grenade/flare launcher, flash suppressor) unless owned before 10/1/2013, or received through inheritance from a lawful possessor and not otherwise forbidden to possess.[73]Some local counties have adopted Second Amendment sanctuary resolutions in opposition to assault weapon laws.[74]
Magazine capacity restriction?YesYesIllegal to purchase, sell or manufacture magazines with a capacity of greater than 10 rounds within Maryland. However, possession of magazines greater than 10 rounds is legal if purchased out of state. These may not, however, be transferred to a subsequent owner unless done so outside the state of Maryland.
NFA weapons restricted?NoNoAutomatic firearms, SBSs, and SBRs must be owned in compliance with federal law. Law is silent in regards to DDs, suppressors, and AOWs.
Background checks required for private sales?PartialYesGAM Public Safety, §5-124All private transfers of regulated firearms (handguns or assault weapons) must be processed through a licensed dealer or designated law enforcement agency which must conduct a background check on the buyer.
Red flag law?YesYes[75]


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