Iowa Gun Laws
Subject/LawLong gunsHandgunsRelevant StatutesNotes
State Preemption of local restrictions?YesYes724.28A political subdivision of the state shall not enact an ordinance regulating the ownership, possession, legal transfer, lawful transportation, registration, or licensing of firearms when the ownership, possession, transfer, or transportation is otherwise lawful under the laws of this state
State permit required to purchase?NoYes724.15Permit To Carry may be used in lieu of Permit to Acquire when purchasing a handgun
Permit required for concealed carry?N/AYes724.4Iowa is a “shall issue” state. An Iowa carry permit is technically a “Permit To Carry Weapons”, and is not limited to firearms. It allows people in Iowa to open or conceal carry any kind of weapon, so long as that weapon is not otherwise illegal to own in Iowa. However, based on the current wording of the statute, state preemption only applies to firearms. As such, residents are advised to be aware of local ordinances that might restrict the possession of knives, swords, or other types of weapons that are not firearms.
Permit required for open carry?YesYes724.7Iowa issues a “Permit to Carry Weapons” that is necessary to carry a firearm. Firearms may be carried open or concealed. Concealed carry is more typical in Iowa, but open carry is not uncommon.
Castle DoctrineYes704707.6Civil immunity for use of “reasonable force” in self defense
Firearm registration?NoNo
Assault weapon law?NoNo
Magazine Capacity Restriction?NoNo
Owner license required?NoNo
NFA weapons restricted?YesYes724.1Machine guns, destructive devices, etc. illegal.Suppressors legal as of March 31, 2016.[68] Short barreled rifle/shotgun legal as of April 13, 2017.[69]
Background checks required for private sales?NoYes724.15A person acquiring a handgun must have an annual Permit To Acquire pistols or revolvers or a current Permit To Carry.

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